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Horse racing in Ayr can be traced back to 1576 but the first properly organised meeting, a two day affair, was held in 1771 with the first Ayr Gold Cup run in 1804.
The Western Meeting Club was formed in 1824 and the same year the Western Meeting, now the William Hill (Ayr) Gold Cup Festival, was established.
By 1838 the Western Meeting had grown and boasted £2000 in prize money with the race for two year olds at the fixture the most valuable race of the season in Britain.
The next milestone in the development of the Western Meeting came in 1855 when the Ayr Gold Cup became a handicap - today it is the richest sprint handicap in Europe and in 2011 the prize money for the race alone is £150,000.
Racing in Ayrshire could not have survived the early years without the patronage of the landed gentry and members of the Caledonian Hunt such as the Earl of Eglinton, Sir James Boswell of Auchinleck and R.A. Oswald of Auchincruive did much for the sport. They bred excellent horses and introduced trainers with the most up to date ideas.
The Duke of Portland who owned vast estates in Troon and Kilmarnock commemorated his Scottish connections by naming some of his best horses after his Ayrshire estates. The most celebrated was his champion colt Ayrshire which won the Guineas and the Derby in 1888 and the Eclipse Stakes in 1889.
In the early years Ayr Racecourse was situated in the Seafield area of the town and only moved to the current site in 1907. The former racecourse is still used today as playing fields, known affectionately as the Old Racecourse, and also as part of Seafield golf course.
Indeed the old stone wall which still borders the area dates back to when racing took place there.
The reason for the move to the Craigie area of town was due to the course being too small - it was only a mile oval track - with sharp bends and there was no room to extend the paddock.
The committee of the Western Meeting Club painstakingly planned the move away from Seafield and travelled the length and breadth of Britain looking at other courses and it was decided Ayr should be based on Newbury. The major difference is that the Ayr straight course is six furlongs compared to the mile at Newbury.
A site for the new course was identified 150 acres of land on Mr R.A. Oswald's Auchincruive Estate and Mr J.A. Campbell's Craigie Estate and in 1907 Ayr Racecourse upped sticks and moved.
Another important date in the history of Ayr Racecourse was in 1950 when the jumps course was established meaning there was all the year round racing for the first time ever at Ayr.
And in 1966 Ayr was firmly put on the jumping map when the Scottish Grand National was transferred there after the closure of Bogside Racecourse at Irvine the year before.
In the ensuing years Ayr continued to develop but by the late 1990s the course badly needed investment and it was obvious a new owner would need to be found in order that facilities be improved and that Ayr could move forward once more.
By the end of 2002 a bidding process was set up and more than 41 offers were received for the Racecourse.
And in May 2003 it was announced the successful bid was that of Ayrshire businessmen Richard Johnstone and Alan Macdonald.
A £35 million Masterplan incorporating an array of improvements to the track was approved by South Ayrshire Council in February 2005 but later called in by the Scottish Executive.
A Public Inquiry took place in November and December 2005 and in May 2006 the Scottish Executive granted outline planning permission for the Masterplan.
Upwards of £20 million has already been spent on a whole host of improvements. The Princess Royal Exhibition, Banqueting and Conference Centre over four floors boasts excellent facilities including the £4.5 million Ayrshire Suite, opened in April 2008.
The former HQ of and meeting place of the Western Meeting Club, Western House was transformed at a cost of more than £4 million into a four star hotel in 2005 and has won a host of awards since then including Scottish Wedding Hotel of the Year 2007 and 2008.
The paddock area of the racecourse has also been extensively upgraded with the parade ring moving nearer to the course and spacious Champagne Gardens have been created in the paddock lawn adjacent to the Weighing Room.
What was a sleeping giant has now become a vibrant multi purpose business.
The David Elsworth trained Speculative Bid has been given top weight of 9st 13lb for the William Hill Ayr Gold Cup to be run on Saturday September 19.READ MORE
Some of the most powerful stables in horse racing have entries for the 2015 William Hill Ayr Gold Cup.READ MORE
THE finest three days of flat racing held in Scotland for many years is lined up next month at Ayr Racecourse with the 2015 William Hill Ayr Gold Cup Festival providing some of the best action the sport of kings has to offer.READ MORE